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The History of Cumbria & the Lake District

Welcome to the EDGE Guide to the history of Cumbria and the Lake District. The majority of the places described here are open to the public, though in the case of the stone circles only two are not on private land. It is essential to gain permission from the land owner before crossing onto private land.

Always obey the Country Code when visiting the sites and do not disturb crops or livestock.

The more important Stone Circles and the Henges are described here along with an explanation (as far as can be speculated) of their purpose.

The history of Cumbria and the Lake District. Castlerigg Stone Circle, Keswick.
Castlerigg Stone Circle.

Hadrian's Wall and a great many Roman forts are open to the public. We list the forts along the length of the wall with both their Roman and English names plus map references. The Roman occupation of Cumbria is explained in some detail.

The history of Cumbria and the Lake District. Cartmel Priory.
Cartmel Priory.

Carlisle Cathedral, Cartmel Priory and Lanercost Abbey and are still in use as places of worship: Furness Abbey and Shap Abbey are not but are open to the public and once again under the care of English Heritage.

The history of Cumbria and the Lake District. Brougham Castle, Penrith, Cumbria.
Brougham Castle.

Cumbria is home to a great many castles, the region having a very troubled past. Listed are 14 castles of interest - most are open to the public.